Is the prior air pollution in China, Italy and Australia a contributing factor in the speed of the coronavirus COVID-19 spreading?
The coronavirus COVID-19 first occurred in China in an environment that had major long term air pollution. In Italy in a cluster of cases which was later detected, starting with 16 confirmed cases in Lombardy on 21 February: Source Wiki. It has been reported recently by Céline Cornu of Agence France-Presse (AFP) in an article titled ‘We breathe in poison’: Why the Po Valley (Lombardy) is one of the most polluted places in Italy’ claiming farming and car use as major factors for the poisoned air. The recent bush and house fires in Australia in NSW, Vic and South Australia have placed smoke from bush fire haze at ground level for many weeks which was a major air pollution event a ‘public health emergency’ with the smoke containing ‘hazardous’ level of particles and chemicals. In a number of these cases around the world the general public’s respiratory health has been pre-stressed / compromised, which may have weakened certain individuals response to fighting the coronavirus COVID-19.
Adelaide’s three Highest Maximum Temperatures all one after the other for the Month of December.
On the 18th, 19th and 20th December 2019 the temperature reached 44.1 C 44.8 C and 44.7 C respectively in Adelaide (Kent Town weather station). The three highest temperatures recorded have all occurred in the last 3 days. This ‘small block‘ of intense heat that Adelaide has endured with over 44 C for three days in a row and with over 30C over night temperatures has given no relief for Adelaide’s and South Australia’s residents. Even though the projected 46C has not eventuated by 4pm. It will take at least a few days for the state to recover with the welcome forecast cooler change of a max of 25 C on the 21st December 2019.
Adelaide’s Highest Maximum Temperature for the Month of December.
On the 18th December 2019 the temperature reached 44.1 C at 4 pm and on 19th December 2019 it reached 44.8 C at 5pm Adelaide(Kent Town weather station). The highest maximum daily temperature of 44.8 C was recorded in Adelaide for the month of December in the past 43 years, while 44.1 C was the second highest and third highest was 43.4 C in 2013 and 43.2 C in 2015. The three highest temperatures have all occurred in the last 7 years. In the figure below the December maximums appear to be trending down wards from 1977 to 1997 then there appears to be an upwards trend from 1997 to 2019.
With the BOM’s forecast of 46 C for 20th December 2019 there is the possibility the maximum December temperature will exceed the highest ever recorded in Adelaide since 1978 which was 47.4 C on the 24 January 2019 (Kent Town weather station).
Extinction Rebellion (ER) group starts protests in Australia.
A recent ABC documentary about the Extinction Rebellion (ER) group has given Australians an insight into the Australian Extinction Rebellion group, part of the world wide Extinction Rebellion group.
The ER group uses various methods to educate people about the climate and ecological crisis and their response to it, which include non violent protesting.
The Extinction Rebellion (ER) group started in 2018 and has over 40 local groups through out Australia. The ER Australia has over the last 7 months staged various protests around Australia. Extinction Rebellion Australia held a “Declaration Day” on 22 March 2019 in some of the capital cities which also included Adelaide. Since the 22nd March 2019 numerous other events have been held in South Australia (SA) by ER see ER Down South f , ER Adelaide and f (Adelaide) . From the 7th October 2019 a week long series of events are being held by ER in SA.
Adelaide’s highest ever maximum temperature of 47.4C.
On the 24 January 2019 the temperature reached 47.4C in Adelaide at 3:00 pm (Kent Town weather station). At 47.4C this is the highest maximum daily temperature ever recorded in Adelaide since 1978. It is also the highest for the month of January in the past 42 years. For January, of the four highest temperatures, three have occurred in the last 7 years. The maximas appear to be a trending upward from from 1998 to 2019, not something Adelaide’s residents would want to know right now!
IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C released.
The 2018 IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty. https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/
Adelaide’s third highest max of 43.1C for the month of December.
On the 27 December 2018 the temperature reached 43.1C in Adelaide at 2:00 pm (Kent Town weather station). At 43.1C this is the third highest maximum daily temperature recorded in Adelaide for the month of December in the past 42 years. The highest was 43.4 in 2013 and 43.2 in 2015. The three highest temperatures have all occurred in the last 5 years. The maximums appear to be a trending down wards from 1977 tol 1997, then there appears to be a trend upwards from 1997 to 2018.
Adelaide suffers with a max of 43.6 C on 28 January 2018 at the end of another small heat wave.
On the 28 January 2018 the temperature reached 43.6C in Adelaide at 2:30 pm (Kent Town weather station). In the past 41 years the maximum daily temperature recorded in Adelaide (Kent Town weather station) for the month of January has equaled or exceeded 43.6C seven times with the highest being 45.7C in 2009. Five of the seven times occurred in the last 10 years.
Adelaide was hit with a max 43C on 19 January 2018 as recorded by the Kent Town weather station.
On the 19 January 2018 the temperature reached 43C in Adelaide (Kent Town weather station). In the past 41 years the maximum daily temperature recorded in Adelaide (Kent Town weather station) for the month of January has equaled or exceeded 43C nine times with the highest being 45.7C in 2009. Five of the nine times occurred in the last 10 years.
The hottest January 2nd since 1978 at the Kent Town weather station.
At 4:23 pm on the 2nd January 2015 the maximum temperature of 44.1 C was set, which was over 15C higher than the average for January 2nd (28.87 C) for the past 38 years.
The hottest January 16th since 1978 at the Kent Town weather station.
At 3:00 pm on the 16th January 2014 the maximum temperature of 44.2 C was set, which was over 14 C higher than the average for January 16th (29.68 C) for the past 37 years.
The hottest January 15th since 1978 at the Kent Town weather station.
The temperature reached 43.7 C at 2:08 pm . Notice the slight trend upwards in the graph below of maximum temperatures since 1978 . The 2014 January 16th maximum temperature of 43.7 C was over 14 C higher than the average for January 15th (29.44 C) for the past 37 years.
The hottest January 14th since 1978 at the Kent Town weather station.
The temperature reached 45.1 C at 1:55 pm when it started to fall slightly to 44.4 C by 2:00 pm. Notice the trend in the graph below of low maximum temperatures from 2002 to 2013, where the maximum temperature has been less than or equal to 32.3. C. The 2014 January 14th maximum temperature of 45.1 C was over 13 C higher than the average for January 14th (31.22 C) for the past 37 years.
October 9th 2013: The first forecast for October 2013 of a fire danger day with severe to very high warnings for Mount Lofty and Adelaide respectively, with high winds of 35 to 50 km/h expected. The forecast 35 C day is not the hottest recorded in Adelaide (Kent town) since 1977 for October. Over the last 36 years there have been 6 days in October with a maximum temperature recorded over 35 C, as shown by the graph. The forecast for today at 35 C is just over 2 C higher than the 36 year average of 32.99 C.
July 2013 Wettest in 17 years as recorded at North Adelaide weather station.
The rainfall for the month of July in 2013 was 110.6 mm as recorded at the North Adelaide weather station by the Bureau of Meteorology. Even though there was 110mm for July in 2009. We have to look back to 1996 to find a higher rainfall of 119 mm for the month of July.