Grand parents in SA help more when it comes to childcare

In a recent ABS publications it was found that South Australian grand parents provide just over 8% more informal care at 34.1% compared to the national average of 25.7%. Source: ABS Childhood Education and Care, Australia, Data cubes, June 2011. Could this be a conscious sacrifice that South Australian grand parents make so their family stays in South Australia rather than move interstate?


For all Australians that experience time off during Easter will notice that it is a holiday period that changes. The Easter period follows the Gregorian calendar where the date is determined by the first full moon after the equinox, (equal amount of day to night hours) while for the Orthodox faith follows the Julian calendar. This year 2017 Easter is celebrated at the same time. One aspect of the Easter is the crucifixion of Christ where we are reminded of the Christ’s sacrifice. On closer examination of the image of Christ on the crucifix we will see a thorny crown around his head with blood pouring from where the thorns have pierced his skin.

What is the background of the thorny crown, where did it come from and how was it made?  There are numerous trees and bushes that could be used to make the thorny crown. The actual tree that was used to make the thorny crown over 2014 years ago was the Hawthorn berry tree. There are a large number of Hawthorn tree species, but the most common in Adelaide, South Australia are the red and yellow berry varieties. The red hawthorn berry trees have thorns while the yellow variety don’t.

To recreate the thorny crown involved first harvesting a number of thin branches from the red Hawthorn berry tree. The branch ends were placed in water over night to keep them fresh. The next day the leaves were removed and the first branch was tuned in to an oval shape and a couple more branches were inter twined and then trimmed to produce the thorny crown as seen below. It took about 2 hours with care to avoid the thorns. No string was used allowing the forces of the branches to hold the shape. The largest thorn shown below was approximately 3 cm in length. The thorns are sharp and well reinforced, so would not only make a hole in the skin but could tear the skin if dragged across it. With a number of thorns turning inwards an individual wearing a thorny crown would certainly experience some of the thorns piecing their skin in places. The question we pose could it have been possible for the thorns to have actually scratched Christ’s skull and left some marks?